2 Quality Discount Bathroom Vanity Sets Reviewed

There are many reasons to purchase discount bathroom vanity sets. The most important of which is because you can save a lot of money doing so. If you are in the market for antique style or contemporary bathroom vanity sets, scour the net for good deals. There are many sites on the internet that offer fantastic discounts for quality bathroom vanities.

To give you an idea of the kind of quality discount bathroom vanity sets there are on offer, here is a brief review of 2 contrasting styles.

Bethany Antique Style Bathroom Vanity Single Sink
The Bethany antique bathroom vanity single sink set is perfect for those who appreciate the antique vanity style. This fantastic looking antique style vanity set is made from handcrafted solid oak and natural marble counter top and comes with a beautiful matching mirror.

The marble counter top is available in both black with white veins and beige. Personally, I prefer the black marble as I feel it contrasts well with the white porcelain sick with overflow which comes with the set.

The hand carved vanity chest comes with 6 drawers and a generous cabinet area while the matching mirror cabinet comes with 4 drawers and 2 cabinets.

The detail of the carvings and wood finishing is outstanding. The finish can be attributed to the fact that each cabinet has been coated with no less than 7 layers of top paint finishing which makes them endurable and provides an anti-aging quality. In addition, the wood waves are clear and natural. The cabinets have also been water proof treated, so they are not only moisture resistant but easy to clean as well.

There are a handful of sites on the net which offer this antique style vanity set at factory prices. Browse around and you might be able to save as much as $2000 off the retail price.

Soiree Modern Bathroom Vanity Set with Black Beveled Glass
The Soiree vanity set is part of the Parisian Glamor Bathroom Vanities Collection. Aesthetically, it looks simple yet elegant, thanks largely to its clean lines and the intelligent use of reflective black beveled glass on the front of the vanity cabinet along with the black tempered glass counter-top and silver metal band. To top it all off is a fashionable, curvaceous contemporary sink and a matching rectangular mirror with a silver leaf patina finish which gives this discount bathroom vanity set a premium and luxurious feel.

There is plenty of storage to be found in this particular discount vanity set. There are 2 double door cabinets at the bottom of the set. Right below the counter-top sits 3 functional soft-closing drawers in a 4 drawer set.

As you would expect with any product of this range, the materials used are of premium grade. The wood used is hand crafted solid wood which has been waterproof treated. It has anti-aging qualities and is easy to clean.

Lookout for sites offering factory direct prices for this discount vanity set. You might find yourself saving as much as $6000 off the retail price if you are lucky.

Amelia Warmheart is an avid traveler but a lousy cook. When not traveling or recovering from jet lag, she shares tips on where to get beautiful home decor and furnishings such as antique discount bathroom vanity sets and affordable modern bath vanities

A Tourist Guide to Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Established in 1953, Cape Hatteras National Seashore, encompassing part of Bodie and most of Hatteras and Ocracoke islands, was dedicated five years later. It is, at times, a surreal world, isolated and removed from the continent and even from other Outer Banks areas.

Preserved and protected, this long ribbon of sand sports beaches, dunes, wind-sculpted vegetation, stunted bushes, dwarfed trees, wetlands, and marshes. Higher elevations yield cedar, oak, and yaupon holly. From brown expanses rise red berries. Whipping, salt-laden winds move sand dunes, as if they were being pushed by thousands of invisible hands. Pounding waves, like acid, eat away at coastlines. Wildlife, waterfowl, and birds often far outnumber humans. Spawning hurricanes, collecting into frenzied forces, make landfall here, the gateway to North Carolina, while boats, because of them, do not, transforming the waters of the Atlantic into aquatic graves for ships and souls alike.

There are, nevertheless, several attractions along this stretch.

Bodie Island

Centerpiece of Bodie Island, which is located six miles south of Whalebone Junction, is the Bodie Island Lighthouse, one of four in the Outer banks, which rose-literally-after a federal government survey discovered that more ships had been lost in the area because of their inability to determine their position while navigating the cape than anywhere else and that the existing Hatteras light proved inadequate for this purpose.

As a result, a 54-foot lighthouse-and the only one within the 140-mile gap between Cape Hatteras itself and Cape Henry, Virginia-was constructed south of Oregon Inlet in 1847, but architectural inexperience quickly caused it to lean, like the Tower of Pisa, and it was abandoned 12 years later.

A higher, 80-foot replacement, rising from a nearby site, faired little better, but this time served as the target of Confederate forces during the Civil War when it was feared that the opposition would employ it. It was deliberately destroyed two years later.

A third, occupying a 15-acre site on the north side of Bodie Island and constituting the present one, was constructed in 1871 and was first lit in October of the following year. Sporting two black and three white horizontal stripes, it rises 156 feet from the ground and is accessed by 214 internal steps.

Vernon Gaskill, of Wanchese, Roanoke Island, was its last civilian lightkeeper and, after it was run by the US Coast Guard, was transferred to the National Park Service in 2000. Its now automated beam has a 19-mile range.

Hatteras Island

Connected to Northern Beaches by the Herbert C. Bonner Bridge-which traverses Oregon Inlet-60-mile-long Hatteras Island shelters Pamlico Sound from the Atlantic Ocean and counts 4,000 year-round residents, who live in the seven towns of Rodanthe, Waves, Salvo, Avon, Buxton, Frisco, and Hatteras Village.

Oregon Inlet itself, created in 1846 and the only passage to open sea from Cape Henry to Cape Hatteras, is the heart of the Outer Banks commercial and recreational fishing and boating industry.

Only a short distance away is Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge. Stretching from Oregon Inlet to the town of Rodanthe and extending from the Atlantic to Pamlico Sound, the 5,834-acre refuge was established in 1937 by an act of Congress and built by Roosevelt’s Civilian Conservation Corps to provide a habitat for migrating birds at the midway point on the Atlantic Flyway.

Named after the “dune pea” or bean that grows from the pink and lavender flowers and provides sustenance for Canadian geese, the area, consisting of ocean beach, barrier dunes, salt marshes, fresh and brackish water, tidal creeks, and bays, attracts some 400 species of birds, including herons, egrets, ibises, terns, gulls, and willets during the summer, and snow geese, tundra swans, and ducks during the winter. Other wildlife includes river otters, muskrats, raccoons, loggerhead turtles, minks, cottontail rabbits, and marsh rabbits.

Its Visitor Center, four miles south of the Herbert C. Bonner Bridge, offers exhibits of shore birds, sea turtle nests, waterfowl, and other wildlife, as well as a gift/book shop.

The one-mile-long North Pond Tail facilitates wildlife viewing, while the almost 13-mile stretch of beach affords swimming, fishing, and surfing.

The Cape Hatteras Lighthouse, further south in the town of Buxton, was the first to guard the Outer Banks and is therefore often considered the most famous.

Its importance, however, is not to be underestimated. Because of the danger associated with the series of sandbars located nine miles off the Atlantic coast and designated “Diamond Shoals,” Congress approved of its construction in 1794, although it did not rise from the ground for another five years and was not lit until 1803.

Fueled by whale oil, the 90-foot lighthouse proved inadequate for its purpose, and an additional 60 feet and a first order-or largest-Fresnel lens were installed.

Despite these improvements, costs to repair what soon became a weakening structure were prohibitive, and a replacement, with a 16-mile, kerosene-fueled Fresnel lens, was initially lit on December 1, 1870. Electricity was adopted in 1934.

Erosion, characteristic of the Outer Banks, artificially reduced its separation from the ocean from an original 1,600 feet to an ultimate, paltry 120 by 1987, thus prompting its actual move during a 23-day period from June 17 to July 9, 1999, in a feat that won the 2000 Outstanding Civil Engineering Achievement Award from the American Society of Civil Engineers.

Repositioned to its original distance from the water, the 198.49-foot lighthouse, adorned with two black and three white graduated stripes, contains 269 internal granite and iron steps (or the equivalent of a 12-story building) and has a 24-mile beam range. It is surrounded by the Principle and Double Keepers’ Quarters, the dwelling cisterns, and the oil house.

Excellent views are obtainable from the Interpretive Pavilion. The Visitor’s Center offers films, talks, a gift shop, and the Museum of the Sea, while signs lead to the lighthouse’s original location.

Culture can be enjoyed a short distance away in the Frisco Native American Museum and Natural History Center, which displays pottery, basketry, tools, beadwork, dolls, silver jewelry, art, and traditional dress collected since the 1930s from several Native American tribes, including one of the most significant artifact displays from the Chiricahua Apaches.

Nothing tells the often-grim story of the area more accurately, however, than the Graveyard of the Atlantic Museum in Hatteras Village. Housed in a curved, 19,000-square-foot building inspired by maritime design, it is dedicated to preserving and interpreting the Outer Banks’ maritime history from its initial exploration to the current time.

Because the area is located at the confluence of the Labrador current and the gulf stream, the waters are burial grounds for maritime history’s countless mishaps, containing, beyond the eyes of man, some 2,000 shipwrecks, hundreds of passenger and cargo vessels, and the largest concentration of German U-boats in the North Atlantic, all of which had been pitted against the forces of nature and lost, earning the area’s-and the museum’s-designation of “Graveyard of the Atlantic.”

Exhibits include those focusing on the ironclad USS Monitor, pirates, the U-85, lighthouses, and shipwrecks.

A short distance from the museum is the Hatteras-Ocracoke ferry terminal, from which year-round, state-run, complimentary, inter-island ferries make the five-mile “marine highway” run, which takes about 40 minutes, carrying passengers and vehicles alike.

The Many Ways a Book Can Go Wrong (Or, 22 Reasons Why Every Author Needs an Editor)

When writing their first draft, authors should ignore the editing advice in this article. That is the time to discover their voice, to go deep, and to connect with their audience. Editing is crucial for any written work, but focusing on nitpicky grammatical issues too soon will inhibit writers’ spontaneity and communion with the Muse.

An editor needs good content to work with. Editors can work magic but not miracles. That’s why the first draft is so important. If the subject matter and the narrative don’t resonate with readers, no amount of polishing and editing will transform a book into a best-seller. (When I say “first draft,” it could also be the second, the third, or the fifteenth–basically, I mean the writing you do without censoring yourself and before you start editing.)

Yet at a certain point, editing must happen. Authors can either invest their own time and effort in learning how to edit their work (which fiction writers absolutely must do), or they can hire an editor. A well-known rule of thumb says that it takes ten years to gain proficiency in a new skill or art form. Many nonfiction writers don’t want to invest this much time in learning to edit, because their main priority is getting their message out to the world. Unlike fiction writers, some authors of nonfiction do not, first and foremost, consider themselves writers. Often they are experts in the fields of health, politics, history, psychology, self-help, and so on, and that is their main identity and source of professional gratification.

Nonfiction writers who are lucky enough to get a publisher don’t have to worry about having perfectly edited manuscripts. The publisher will take charge of editing the book, using a team of in-house and freelance editors, copy editors, and proofreaders. The catch-22 is, how do you first get signed by a publisher? You’ll need to impress either the publisher or an agent with your manuscript. How can you do this? With a professionally written and edited manuscript.

You may be able to skip this step if you are a celebrity; you are well-known in your profession and have a venue to promote the book, such as self-help workshops or a lecture circuit; and/or the topic is cutting edge and of broad interest. If none of these fortunate situations apply, you should probably hire an editor to help bring your manuscript to its full potential. Then your sparkling prose will sell itself when you approach agents and publishers.

If you are self-publishing, you’ll need an editor even more, because your book should also conform to the stylistic rules in the publisher’s bible, The Chicago Manual of Style (such as whether to spell out numbers or leave them as numerals, how to use academic and military titles, when to italicize words or use quotation marks, and countless other details).

Following are only some of the most egregious problems that a good editor will fix.

(Disclaimer: Any resemblance between the following examples and books I’ve edited is purely coincidental.)

1. Passive Voice

Passive voice can lend the stamp of authority to a statement and can also absolve the author of personal responsibility. In certain cases, this is effective: “Mistakes were made.” (Visualize an army general explaining why a smart bomb blew up the cookie factory.)

Yet most of the time, passive voice slows down the action and weakens the impact. Often, academic writers will craft an entire book predominantly in passive voice. That’s fine if they are aiming only for a scholarly market or are writing college textbooks, but most publishers of mass market books don’t want this. They usually instruct copy editors to change most passive verb tenses to make the book reader-friendly.

While writing, be on the lookout for an overuse of “is, was, were, am, are, will be, have been” and also “There is,” “There are,” “There was,” There were,” “It was,” and “It is.”

Use the following verb tenses only when absolutely necessary or in sentences where they actually sound better: for example, instead of “I am living on Maple Street,” write “I live on Maple Street.” Other less preferable examples are “I was living,” “they are living,” “we were living,” “he was running,” “she was asking,” and so on (in other words, pairing any verb with passive “is, am, was, were,” and so on). As a first choice, use simple present or past tense wherever possible: “he ran,” “she asked,” “we live,” “we lived.”

(Now forgive me if I proceed to break this rule and put some of these writers’ tips in passive voice. I need to invoke the voice of authority.)


[Passive] Holes in my sandals were patched with chewing gum.
[Active] I used chewing gum to patch holes in my sandals.

[Passive] The lawyer’s office was littered with cigar butts.
[Active] Cigar butts littered the lawyer’s office.

[Passive] The cash made from playing poker was plunked down in front of my mortified father.
[Active] I plunked down the cash I made from playing poker in front of my mortified father.

[Passive] In Churchill Falls at the time, there were only a few black families.
[Active]At the time, only a few black families lived in Churchill Falls.

[Passive] My secret mission was discovered, and I was punished for not paying attention to my studies.
[Active] The deacon discovered my secret mission and punished me for not paying attention to my studies.

[Triple whammy! Three passive verbs] It was astounding how simple it was to get a job in Westchester as long as you weren’t black.

2. A Misuse of Present Participles That Implies Simultaneity of Action

Lots of intelligent writers make this common mistake.

“Still, we needed that poker money, so Snake wheedled his way into my Friday night foursome, shuffling the cards like a Vegas pro.”

[Ed. note: “Shuffling” implies simultaneity of action with “wheedled,” but these are consecutive acts.]

Two Possible Fixes:

“Still, we needed that poker money, so Snake wheedled his way into my Friday night foursome and shuffled the cards like a Vegas pro.”

“Still, we needed that poker money, so Snake wheedled his way into my Friday night foursome, where he shuffled the cards like a Vegas pro.”

3. Confusing Sentence Structure

One mind-numbing problem occurs with long sentences punctuated by several clauses that separate the subject from the verb. If readers have to stop and trace their way back to the beginning of a sentence to decipher the meaning, you’ve lost them. Nowadays people don’t have the patience for this.

Example A

“That it was the Pavlovians’ choice to jump into a battle in which they had no quarrel, when they would have gained incalculable rewards by patiently standing aside while the Canine Corps and the Feline Brigade tried conclusions, which profoundly altered the ultimate strategic result of the war, was ignored or minimized.”

[Ed. note: Too much information and distance between the subject of the sentence, “choice,” and the verb, “was ignored or minimized.”]

Example B

The following long sentence has no major grammatical errors, but with so much happening, the reader has to work hard to follow the thread of ideas. Breaking it into two or three sentences would help.

“Yet however effective the Pavlovians believed that the call to war would be in rousing the asylum’s inmates to invade Burger King and the other restaurants in their path–and the evidence is that Professor Barkley, at least, who hung onto his dreams of an invincible Canine Nation dominated by the schutzhunds, had high hopes for an inmates’ uprising–the threat of anarchy spreading would prompt the SPCA to keep Feline troops permanently stationed in every Long John Silvers for the rest of the war.”

4. Dangling Modifiers

The term dangling modifier sounds like the crime of the century, especially when flung at us by our eighth-grade English teachers.

Example A

“I crashed into the row of orange barrels, and after making several white-knuckled attempts to stay on my side of the road, the driving instructor decided that further training of this idiot would be pointless.”

[Ed. note: Dangling modifier “after making” causes confusion about who made the attempts. We know it’s the student driver, but “after making” modifies the subject “driving instructor,” which implies that he was the one trying to stay on the right side of the road.]

Example B

“After suffering through two years of Hebrew hell, the day of my bar mitzvah finally arrived.”

[Ed. note: This implies that “the day” is what suffered through Hebrew hell.]

One Possible Fix: “After I suffered through two years of Hebrew hell, the day of my bar mitzvah finally arrived.”

Example C

“With a UCLA scholarship lined up for the fall, this would be a kick-ass summer of surfing at Malibu, guzzling In-and-Out burgers, and cruising for babes on the Boulevard.”

[Ed. note: It sounded like “this” would get the scholarship. “I” needs to be the subject of the sentence.]

One Possible Fix: “With a UCLA scholarship lined up for the fall, I looked forward to a kick-ass summer of surfing at Malibu, guzzling In-and-Out burgers, and cruising for babes on the Boulevard.”

5. Coining New Words: Sometimes It Works, Other Times… Not So Much

We cannot turn every adjective into an adverb simply by adding “ly.” Well, technically we can, but is this a creation we’ll be proud of?

“The teen patted her ‘food baby’ and sneeringly referred to Dr. Atkins as a hack.”

[Ed. note: Maybe you thought I would single out ‘food baby,’ but someone coined this term years ago and it stuck, thus becoming part of the popular lexicon. No, the culprit here is “sneeringly.”]

6. Pronoun Confusion

Watch out for tricky situations where plural or singular nouns and verbs don’t match.

Example A

“Most Americans have a love affair with the cell phone, especially those that were made by Apple.”

[Ed. note: This sounds like some Americans were made by Apple. The only plural noun that appears before “those” is “Americans,” so “those” implies “Americans.” The simplest solution is to make “cell phone” plural.]

A Possible Fix: “Most Americans have a love affair with cell phones, especially those that were made by Apple.”

Example B

“My biggest challenge as a jockey–well, two challenges, really–were two skittish fillies bred from the same stallion at Live Oak Stables.”

[Ed. note: Singular noun “challenge” is incorrectly paired with plural verb “were,” but because the intervening clause set off by dashes includes plural “challenges,” the plural “were” seems correct. The mistake becomes obvious only when we delete the clause and read the blatantly wrong “My biggest challenge… were two skittish fillies.” The sentence would need to be completely reworded, because simply changing “were” to “was” sounds weird.]

Example C

“She went to one of her coworkers at Home Depot, to inquire whether they knew who I was.”

[Ed. note: Above, plural pronoun “they” is incorrectly representing singular noun “one.” Plural “coworkers” is not in the picture because it’s part of a prepositional phrase, so the pronoun “they” cannot represent it. Below are some solutions, after we determine whether the coworker was male or female.]

Possible Fixes:

“She went to one of her coworkers at Home Depot, to ask whether he knew who I was.”

“She went to a coworker at Home Depot, to see if he knew who I was.”

“She asked a coworker at Home Depot whether he knew who I was.”

Example D

“The finality of his decision was made obvious as Elvis gave his white-sequined cowboy shirt to the Elvis impersonator, telling him that he didn’t need it anymore.”

[Ed. note: “Him” and “he” each stand for a different person, but the noun that each pronoun represents does not directly precede it, thus creating confusion.]

A Possible Fix: “The finality of his decision was made obvious as Elvis gave his white-sequined cowboy shirt to the Elvis impersonator, saying that he didn’t need it anymore.”

7. Run-on Sentences

“When you finally get to the head of the License Renewal line at the DMV and the clerk hangs an ‘Out to Lunch’ sign on the window, after you’ve been waiting patiently for two hours with documents in hand, try not to make a nasty comment to the woman while she grabs her sack lunch and exits the building but instead muster up a little patience and remember other countries where people are not so rushed, like, for instance, in the story written by that American tourist in India, where, when the same thing happened to him, he looked around at the other people in line and they were not annoyed but actually seemed to accept their fate, as they spread scarves and blankets on the floor, sat down, and pulled food from their woven straw bags, even offering to share their impromptu picnic lunches with the tourist.”

8. Indefinite or Changing Point of View

“My initial appointment with the diet doctor consisted of a complete physical exam, including an embarrassing pinching of my skin with calipers to measure the subcutaneous fat.”

[Ed. note: Letting “embarrassing” modify “pinching” creates an indefinite point of view, as if the pinching or the doctor were embarrassed, instead of the patient.]

One Possible Fix: “My initial appointment with the diet doctor included a complete physical exam. Embarrassed, I stood ramrod-straight while he pinched my skin with calipers to measure the subcutaneous fat.”

9. Time Travel in All Directions

In the following example, by randomly switching verb tenses the author tosses the reader from the past to an indefinite imagined future and back to the present.

“Imagine that you have been invited to sail the Caribbean with someone who has equipped his yacht with a state-of-the-art audio system and jet-plane-decibel-level speakers. Looking forward to a quiet, peaceful voyage, you are trapped in a small space and bombarded with bone-jarring noise.”

[Ed. note: The previous passage travels confusingly back and forth through time. In the first sentence, you have been invited, but presumably this is before you go on the trip. In the second sentence, you start out looking forward to a trip that hasn’t happened yet, but in mid-sentence you are already on the yacht, trapped.]

10. Adjacent or Abundant “ly” Words

“Thankfully, exactly thirteen hours later, we finished the grueling test.”

“Tom and Edgar, who seemed to motivate each other creatively, huddled privately while ostensibly writing the script.”

11. Comparing Apples to Oranges

“Cameron Diaz, in contrast to Garbo’s cool exterior, was outgoing and talkative.”

[Ed. note: This is comparing two dissimilar things: a person, Diaz, with another person’s exterior (Garbo’s).]

One Possible Fix: “Cameron Diaz–unlike Garbo, with her cool exterior–was outgoing and talkative.”

12. Redundant Actions

“When Sally entered the gym, she headed for the broken Stairmaster. I rushed over and, pulling her by the arm, guided her to the treadmill.”

[Ed. note: “Pulling” and “guided” are similar acts.]

One Possible Fix: “”When Sally entered the gym, she headed for the broken Stairmaster. I rushed over and, grasping her arm, guided her to the treadmill.”

13. Misuse of Words

Endless possibilities exist for mangling the English language. I once edited a book by an author whose name I forget but whom I secretly called Mr. Malaprop. Among other things, he wrote that a righteous person, when attacked, must “turn the other chick.” (I would feel guilty repeating this, except he was in his nineties then, so is most likely deceased now.)

Example A

“Her one claim to fame in the music industry was becoming Lonesome Joe’s girlfriend during his waning years as a leading rock star.” [Ed. note: “Waning” negates “leading.”]

Example B

“She projected the persona of a shy, bashful young woman who was new to the city.” [Ed. note: “Shy” and “bashful” mean the same thing, so using both is redundant.]

14. Superfluous Phrases

Eliminate these to streamline your prose and get your point across more clearly.

“Needless to say, it goes without saying, for all intents and purposes, in light of the fact that, as you can plainly see, if you think about it, owing to the fact that, the question as to whether, in spite of the fact that,… ”

15. Excessive Signposting

“Two cops climbed out of the black-and-white and confronted the drunk motorist. One shined a flashlight in his face, while the other began a typical interrogation.”

[Ed. note: Using “typical” alerts the reader ahead of time what will happen, that is, how the interrogation will turn out. In this case, it also attributes omniscience to the readers, because unless the entire novel was tongue-in-cheek or the readers were taken into the author’s confidence earlier, how would they know what was typical? This “excessive signposting” usually happens more in nonfiction, when the author might end each chapter with a paragraph foretelling what the next chapter will be. Use a light touch when you do this; give the reader a hint, but don’t let every single cat out of the bag.]

16. Random Changes in Point of View

“If you adopt a child from a Third World country, you may feel obligated to incorporate the child’s native culture into your lifestyle. When a couple does this, it broadens their horizons. That’s why I try to remember my daughter’s ancestral heritage when she acts in a way I don’t understand.”

[Ed. note: This switches from second person to third person to first person in three sentences. It’s a good way to confuse the reader.]

17. Annoying Alliteration and Too-Similar Words or Construction

“The diet had been instrumental in empowering her long-term weight-loss success, by intensifying her will power in a powerful way.”

“I recited the Wordsworth poem written on the blackboard, as the teacher pointed to each line with a stiletto-sharp brass pointer.”

“The old lady was thrilled that we wanted to buy her 1957 Cadillac. We were enthralled at the thought of having a classic lime-green Caddie.” [Ed. note: This not only has annoying alliteration, but both sentences are in passive voice, and their construction is too similar.]

More examples of annoying alliteration:

“Bowser drowsed by the bedside.”
“little drops of spittle”
“she attached the collar around the hound’s neck”

18. “Good Flow” Is Not Merely Subjective

If we read newly written sentences aloud, we can improve their “flow” by chiseling away clunky, tongue-twisting words and cutting down on prepositional phrases (see the following).

19. Excess Prepositional Phrases

“My job was in the Customer Complaints Department of Macy’s, a department store with a reputation at the time of being one of the biggest shopping meccas in the city.”
[Ed. note: Seven prepositional phrases really slow the flow.]

A Possible Fix: “I worked in Macy’s Customer Complaint Department, back when that store was reputedly one of the biggest shopping meccas in the city.” [Ed. note: Prepositional phrases were reduced from seven to three.]

20. Inconsistency in Using Mass, or Collective, Nouns

Nouns such as family, couple, group, gang, brigade, majority, and so on, take a singular verb and pronoun when emphasizing the group (a majority is satisfied) or a plural verb and pronoun when emphasizing the individual members (the majority of voters are satisfied). It’s important to be consistent, however, both within a sentence and with similar words in close proximity.

“The family was sitting in their dining room.” [Ed. note: Incorrect; it’s inconsistent because a singular verb is used with a plural pronoun.]

“The family was sitting in its living room.”
Or “The family were sitting in their living room.” [Ed. note: These are both grammatically correct, but neither one sounds great. I would reword it, e.g., “The members of the family were sitting in their living room.”]

“The family had lost several of its members.” [Incorrect: “Their” would be better than “its” here, because individual members are emphasized.]

21. Inattention to Paragraph Size

Paragraphs should not be too long or too short.

22. Repetition

Last, but definitely not least, authors should always read what they’ve written to discover unusual repeated words or phrases in close proximity. They may not be able to find an editor who is attuned to this, and even if they do, repetitions can easily slip past even experienced editors who are functioning on autopilot or feel a bit drowsy. This less-than-optimal alertness may cause them to overlook a lot of repeated words and phrases. Repetition can be subtle, unlike glaring grammatical errors that jump out and beg for deletion. I think it’s due to an epidemic of short-term memory loss, which, based on my observation, has escalated in the last ten years. Even young authors are susceptible to this problem, so it can’t be only age-related.

Example A

“We could sense his spiritual depth as he spoke to us, a man who due to the vicissitudes of life had to take on responsibilities at a young age. It had been his fate to take on large amounts of responsibility for many other people in his extended family.”

Example B

“I had hoped to meet someone I could travel around the world with; within six months I found a fellow adventurer.” [Ed. note: Similar adjacent words. As for the other issue, in less-formal writing Chicago Manual of Style is no longer a stickler about not ending a sentence or a clause with a preposition, as long as it sounds better or more conversational that way.]

Example C

“I discovered through my own spiritual journey that when I ultimately became ready to release my false assumption that I was in charge of any aspect of my life and thus became ready to release my anger toward others, I would be released from long-held habits that had gradually made my joints stiff and rigid.” [Ed. note: Three repetitions of “release,” two of “ready,” when other words could be substituted. See the following example.]

One Possible Fix: “I discovered through my own spiritual journey that when I ultimately became ready to release my false assumption that I was in charge of any aspect of my life and thus could let go of my anger toward others, I would be free of long-held habits that had gradually made my joints stiff and rigid.”

Example D

“The concentrations of glucose and plasma insulin were significantly greater in the participants after they ate the salted foods. In fact, the results were very significant.”

Example E

“Being clear about what you want is key; that way, you won’t make bad choices. Call the store in advance to see whether the desired item is in stock. Exercising your power as a shopping maven is key to minimizing hassles and wasted time. In whatever mall you enter, prioritize speed and accuracy. Always remember that the key is to ask for the clerk’s assistance in a manner that gets results.” [Ed. note: Three repetitions of “key” in paragraph.]

Example F

“… the threat was such that I never tried such a cockamamie scheme again.”

Example G

“The wheels of this rickety vehicle were quickly coming off. With the deadline coming up, our partnership was doomed.”

For more writing tips, you can’t go wrong by re-reading William Strunk Jr.’s The Elements of Style, a slim 1918 classic full of invaluable advice.

(c) Copyright – P.N. Waldygo. All Rights Reserved Worldwide.

Author Information: P.N. Waldygo, a professional book editor for 17 years, has edited more than 500 nonfiction books for traditional publishers and private authors on almost every subject under the sun. For more information on book and manuscript editing, visit Desert Sage Editorial Services.

Wooden Flooring – Choosing The Right Wood For Your Home

The decision to go with a timber floor in your home is probably the best decision you will ever make. Among the many benefits of going for wood include increased value to your home and allergy free floors. However, the decision making does not end there as there is an almost endless list of different woods to choose from, many styles to go with and even what finish to go with. It can be very helpful to collect images from home décor magazines to build up a better image of the kind of floor you want your home to have.

Types of Wood – From White oak to Cherry wood or bamboo which is now also included in the wooden floor realm, there is a world of options to suit your home. Most homeowners with young children will opt for darker woods as it can be more conducive to disguising stains. There is also the option of painting your floorboards black which can be helpful if you have only begun to start your family and had opted for a lighter wood beforehand.

Styles – Just as with tiles which come in different shapes and sizes, you have the same wide range available to you in hard wood flooring. Perhaps you want strips, or shapes like jigsaws. You could even opt for dark wood planks contrasted with lighter wood planks for a varied tonal affect. Maybe you are interested in texture and so you could ask your floor fitter about texturizing the wood for you to add some optical interest to your floor space.

Finishes – There are possibly as many finishes available to you as there are styles of wood. From Shellac to lacquers to high gloss the key to finding out what is right for you is to sample out different finishes on your chosen wood and laying it in your room to see what works. A high gloss will protect your floor from damage especially in high traffic areas where visitors are coming and going such as hallways. Just as a painting will have different mediums which bring out different things, this is also true of the finish you choose for your floor so choose wisely!

Budget – Naturally some woods are more expensive than others and some cost more to install. The more exotic woods such as zebra wood are definitely on the higher if not highest end of the price scale. However it is worth noting that the investment you make in the price of the wood used and its installation will be compensated for when it comes to selling your home as it helps to sell your home quicker and at a more valuable price.

Durability – As wood is a natural material, it follows that certain woods are stronger and more resilient than other woods. For example Brazilian walnut is the hardest on the Janka wood scale although this is one of the more expensive woods. However a floor made of solid oak is extremely strong and flexible and a popular choice with most.

Living History in Bedford, Pennsylvania

Bedford, a pocket of preserved past, offers the visitor a living history experience, enabling him to walk the paths his forefathers forged, inspect several important houses and forts, and even stay in the very resort which sparked its rise.

Covered with a quit of rolling hills, meadows, and forests, the former frontier called for a soul to exert its intrinsic properties of creation on it, as evidenced by the forts which had risen from Harris Ferry along the Susquehanna River in the east to Logstown on the Ohio River in the west during the French and Indian War of 1754 to 1763. Marking the westward expansion of the British like a series of GPS waypoints, they carried names such as Lyttleton, Loudon, Frederick, Raystown/Bedford, Cumberland, Ligonier, Necessity, and Pitt/Duquesne. The two with the dual designations, however, were to be the most instrumental in the area’s development.

Where transportation paths meet, settlements usually rise, as did the town of Bedford in the form of a fort erected by the British during its 1758 campaign against the French along Forbes Road, which had previously been a cohesive collection of Indian trails. They would later evolve into the first trans-Pennsylvania toll rode artery, facilitating horse and wagon transport.

Constructed by Colonel Henry Boquet, General John Forbes’ deputy, the irregularly shaped fortification, covering 7,000 square yards, sported five bastions. A four- to five-foot deep by three-foot-wide, V-shaped ditch encircling its perimeter supported 18-foot-long, side-by-side laid logs, cut from the surrounding oak forests and hewn flat and snugly interlocked before being inserted, while a loopholed gallery extended from the central bastion on its north front down to the water’s edge. Swivel guns guarded its corners.
Entry was provided by three gates-a main one on its south side parallel to today’s Pitt Street; a second, smaller, west-facing one; and a northward-opening postern one.

Perched on a bluff overlooking the river gap, the initially-designated Fort Raystown served as a staging post for 6,790 westward-advancing troops subjected to attacks during their crossing of the imposing Allegheny Mountains, but replenished with necessary supplies before they continued toward Fort Pitt/Duquesne, stronghold of the French.

The British strategy proved successful: their opponents were defeated, effectively removing the barrier to English-speaking control of the Ohio Valley and, ultimately, America.

Redesignated “Fort Bedford” at the end of 1758 after the Fourth Duke of Bedford, England, the bastion served the secondary purpose of providing a sense of safety against Indian attacks, its security fostering settlement of people in search of agricultural valleys and timber-abundant mountains. It thus provided the seed from which the namesaked village eventually grew, becoming the first county seat west of the Tuscarora Mountains and, for a time, all of Western Pennsylvania, strategically located on the intra-state roadway.

Laid out in 1766, it was incorporated 29 years later, on March 13.

County development, paralleling that of the town, was spurred by the discovery of coal on Broad Top Mountain, giving rise to the rails needed to transport it to the area’s budding iron foundries and sparking a 100-percent population increase between 1870 and 1890 alone. Track networks, facilitating iron, timber, and passenger conveyance, were later supplemented, and finally succeeded by, the Lincoln Highway (Route 30), which connects Bedford with Pittsburgh, and the Pennsylvania Turnpike.

A short, in-town walking tour of Bedford itself enables the visitor to step back into its history in several important buildings.

The National Museum of the American Coverlet, for instance, is housed in the Common School, itself constructed in 1859 at a $7,000 cost and opened with an initial, 211-student enrollment the following year. Functioning as a school until it was sold to private interests in 1999, it incorporates a significant portion of its original structure, including its middle section, ventilation system, and surrounding iron fence.

The Bedford County Court House, built by Solomon Filler between 1828 and 1829 at a $7,500 cost, equally exudes originality, particularly in its tower-installed clock, which had to be hand-wound after a vigorous climb until it was electrified in 1975, and its two internal, self-supporting, circular staircases which lead to the second floor, portrait-lined courtroom. The pair of columns characterizing its façade, later donated by Filler himself, represents God on the left and justice on the right.

The Man on the Monument, located at the intersection of Juliana and Penn streets, was erected in 1890 to honor the soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the Civil War, incorporating the more than 20,000 pennies school children had collected for it. It was moved to its present location in 1957.

Behind it is the site of the city’s first courthouse and jail, constructed of blue limestone between 1774 and 1775.

One of the most significant structures-so much so, in fact, that it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1984-is the Espy House. Owned by Colonel and Mrs. David Espy, it served as George Washington’s headquarters during the 1794 Whisky Rebellion, in which Western Pennsylvania farmers protested the excise tax imposed on the alcohol by Secretary of Treasury Hamilton. Thwarted by Washington’s 13,000-strong Federal Army, which had claimed the surrounding expanses for its own overnight accommodation, it marked the first and only time that a US president had commanded an army in the field.

Dispersing into the hills by October, the rebels demonstrated defeat.

The National House, opening its doors to weary travelers as a hotel for almost its entire existence, was strategically located on Forbes Road, which is now designated “Pitt Street.”

Built, like the Court House, by Solomon Filler, the Anderson House stands on land acquired from state-namesaked William Penn and was used as a medical office at its front and the Allegheny Bank of Pennsylvania at its back. It served as the only such public depository between Pittsburgh and Chandersburg.

Fort Bedford Museum:

The original fort’s importance was short-lived and the site of only one historically significant event: attempting to release the prisoners held there, James Smith and his Black Boys captured it on September 17, 1769, but after the French and Indian War, its garrison had already been reduced to a paltry 12, and by 1775, when the frontier had moved to Pittsburgh, it quickly spiraled into a state of disrepair.

In order to celebrate Bedford’s bicentennial, a blockade-style structure, formed by logs and chinking, rose from the site of the original fort 200 years after it had been built, in 1958, still perched on a bluff overlooking the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River. A section of its north wall was added in 2006, adjacent to what is now the Fort Bedford Museum.

Subdivided into a main gallery, a transportation room, a rear gallery, a mezzanine, and a gift shop, the blockhouse building internally exudes Western Pennsylvania’s New Frontier atmosphere, displaying some of the 2,000 artifacts in its collection, inclusive of Native American implements, civilian and military objects, household items, flintlock riffles, antique hand tools, 19th-century women’s clothing, a Civil War cannon, a Conestoga wagon, a stoneware crock, documents signed by the Penn family, and a Bedford Springs Resort ledger displaying President Buchanan’s signature.

Its focal point is a large-scale model of the original fort depicting Forbes Road, the Juniata River, and its surrounding area. But, perhaps the rarest piece in the collection is an original, 1758 flag. A gift to British forces at still-designated Fort Raystown from England’s Fourth Duke of Bedford, the hand-sewn, red silk satin damask flag, sporting a 23- by 24-inch union jack canton on its upper, left corner, prompted the fort’s renaming to Bedford at the end of 1758 in his honor. Although no evidence exists as to whether this was its official one, that had hung in the Officer’s Quarters and was only displayed during special occasions.
Nevertheless, patriots from a British officer seized it when freedom from English rule, expressed as the Declaration of Independence, traveled by word of mouth to Bedford.

The museum’s example is the only known British Red Fly to have survived from the French and Indian War.

Old Bedford Village:

The Fort Bedford Museum offers only a single taste of the town’s past. But the more than 40 original and reproduced log, frame, and stone structures comprising Old Bedford Village enable the visitor to step into the shoes of citizens past and walk their paths, interpreting the early pocket of Pennsylvania life preserved here.

A drive through the Claycomb Covered Bridge and a brief pass through the Welcome Center returns him to Pennsylvania’s dawn as a colony, where horse-clomping carriages are pulled over gravel paths, plumes of smoke spiral from log cabin chimneys, people wear period dress, and the sounds of striking metal reverberate from the blacksmith shop.

The village offers several examples of era dwellings. The Biddle House, for instance, is a two-story log structure originally built a few miles away in Dutch Corner, and is one of the earliest within the complex. Its V-shaped, double fireplace provided both heat and a method for cooking.

A hybrid of dwellings, the Kegg-Blasko House next door incorporates the remnants of a structure built by Thomas Kinton in 1768 and James Heydon in 1790, both located in Bedford County.

An 1802 deed identifies the village’s Semanek House as “the log mansion,” which originally stood in the village of Ryot in West St. Clair Township. It employed now almost-extinct chestnut in its construction.

The Williams Cabin is typical of the shacks most first-generation settlers lived in until time and establishment enabled them to construct more substantial ones, while the contrastive Anderson Victorian House, assembled from Anandale Hotel lumber, evokes its namesaked Victorian period.

Two schools are represented: the Kniseley School, of standard configuration, was constructed near Pleasantville in 1869 and used until the 1930s, while the appropriately-named 8 Square School, an octagonal building created in 1851 by Nat Hoover in East St. Clair Township, tended to be frequented by children of wealthier families.

There are numerous shops and services where costumed citizens still practice original methods. The Ice Cream Parlor features 17th-century cottage style construction and Feather’s Bakery, believed to have been built by William Nichols in 1808, still produces purchasable baked goods in its ovens as the “Old Bedford Village Bakery,” as evidenced by the aromas escaping from its opened door. Light lunches can equally be enjoyed in the dark, wooden-booth-provisioned interior of the Pendergrass Tavern, whose original counterpart had been located just outside the walls of Fort Bedford in the 1750s.

Other life necessities from the period were obtainable from the Chandler (candles), Furry’s Basket Shop, the Cooper Shop (barrels and casks), the General Store and Post Office, the Old Bedford Village Press, Bedford County Rifles, the Carriage Shop, Fisher’s Pottery, the Whitesmith (tin), and the Broom Shop.
Human power propelled all of the village’s machinery, as indicated by the foot-pedaled laith and bicycle-resembling jigsaw in Hemings Furniture and Wood Shop, and in Antonson Blacksmithing, where the tools necessary for many other period crafts took shape, including the very shoes needed to run the day’s engine-the horse.

The village also took care of man’s improper, earthly behavior in the jail, which represents the type used prior to 1800 in a county seat, and ensured that his Heavenly soul would not go ashtray in the Christ Church, a replica of the 1806 Union Church which is made of logs and still stands west of Schellsburg.

Educational programs, employing the village’s rich resources and entailing craft making, teach, depict, and demonstrate 18th- and 19th-century Pennsylvania life by means of quilting, candle dipping, coopering, blacksmithing, basket making, spinning, wheat weaving, leather working, tin smithing, broom making, Maize Pappouse doll making, and buggy riding in a series of classes, lectures, and tours. Village-made arts and crafts are purchasable in the Welcome Center’s gift shop.

Seasons and holidays mark special events, such as colonial crafts exhibits; festivals with historical customs, costumes, and cuisine; gunfights with muzzle loading; Civil and French and Indian War reenactments; Old West weekends; murder mystery evenings; pumpkinfests; and Old Fashioned Christmases, which see the village aglow with candle lanterns.

Bedford Springs Resort:

Bedford’s many important houses and forts enable the visitor to glimpse its history, but the Bedford Springs Resort enables him to live it.

Although the original Bedford Fort and Broad Top Mountain-discovered coal had attracted people to the area, there had been one other important draw: mineral springs.

As far back as 1796, Dr. John Anderson discovered what Native Americans had long known-namely, that drinking and bathing in the water from the area’s seven chalybeat, limestone, sulfur, and sweat springs produced both restorative and curative results. Incorporating these otherwise cost-free remedies in his own medical practice, he elected to purchase the 2,200 acres surrounding them and construct his own home on them. But his privacy in this idyllic spot was short-lived.

Traveling to Cumberland, Maryland, and then making the final 21-mile trek to Bedford by horse and wagon, a growing number of visitors was drawn to the area in search of the springs’ curative powers, and Dr. Anderson initially accommodated them in impromptu tents, preparing customized prescriptions based upon individual health requirements. Bathing facilities took form in 1802.

But the unquenchable thirst quickly demanded replacement of the temporary tents with more permanent-and area-indicative-accommodations–in the form of the Stone Inn four years later, whose very building blocks, like the waters, were freely provided by the springs-adjacent mountain and oxen-hauled down its sides. Permanent in location, it was only temporary in fulfilling its purpose, as the number of guests exerting demand for it quickly exceeded its capacity.

According to a travelogue written by Joshua Galpin in 1809, when the Stone House had already been joined by Crackford and a precursor to Evitt House, the facilities included a “large frame lodging house and several smaller ones for families-warm and cold baths and a billiard room.”

The Swiss building and others quickly rose from the once edificeless expanse.

Increasingly known for its comfortable accommodations, cuisine, and activities emphasizing its natural surroundings, it consistently attracted guests from industrializing eastern seaboard cities, as well as a growing list of wealthy, prominent dignitaries. Future US President and Pennsylvania native James Buchanan, for instance, first visited Bedford Springs in 1821 and would eventually spend 40 summers there, dubbing it his “Summer White House.” In 1848, James K. Polk became one of ten sitting presidents to stay there, followed by Taylor, Taft, Polk, Harding, and Eisenhower, among others, along with nine Supreme Court justices and countless celebrities. Buchanan himself received the first transatlantic cable, sent by England’s Queen Victoria, at the resort ten years later.

Travel to Bedford was greatly eased in 1872 when rail access connected the growing area with powerhouses such as Philadelphia, Washington, and New York for the first time.

Developing into one of America’s grand resorts during the end of the 19th century, it appropriately reflected the period’s golden age with spring houses, bridges, gates, and trails, and the transatlantic cable was to serve as only the first of many resort-associated innovations: it introduced one of the country’s first golf courses, designed by Spencer Oldham, in 1895, for example, and it was followed a decade later by the first indoor, mineral spring-fed pool, complete with a solarium and hydrotherapy rooms.

Although medical advances tipped the scales away from the Bedford Spring’s original purpose, its reputation as a luxurious resort serving a prestigious clientele was firmly entrenched in the area which had created it-so much so, in fact, that a central colonnade now connected the main dining room with a columned pavilion at Magnesia Springs across Schober’s Run.

Its role, still maintaining a luxurious touch, shifted between 1941 and 1943 when the US Navy, occupying the resort, trained some 7,000 sailors in radio operations, and it then served as a detention center for almost 200 Japanese diplomats captured in Germany during World War II until they were exchanged for American prisoners-of-war held in Asia.

Modern influences were again exerted in the 1950s with the installation of environmental control and sprinkler systems.

Inevitably, popularity wrestled with purpose. Travel trends shifted and, despite having been designated a National Historic Landmark in 1984, it continued to decline until it was closed two years later. A subsequent flood wreaked havoc on its 200-year-old wooden walls.

But Bedford Springs Partners, still detecting its glimmer of glory, purchased the once grand dame of properties for $8 million, subjecting it to a massive, $120 million restoration to resurrect and return it to its 1905 golden age guise and reopening its doors on July 12, 2007 after an eighth mineral spring had intermittently been discovered. After a secondary acquisition two years later, it was renamed the “Omni Bedford Springs Resort and Spa.””

Its self-proclaimed mission is to “open history’s door.”

Located in the Allegheny Mountain region of south-central Pennsylvania, and overlooking Cumberland Valley, the Bedford Springs Resort is accessed by driving down a small, return-to-history hill to a sanctuary preserved in time, and then passing the white, porch-lined façade of a sprawling mansion. Negotiating manicured lawns and formal gardens amid the audible trickles of streams and springs, the visitor enters the circular driveway, which approaches the dual-story, brick, ante-bellum Colonnade. Aside from being a National Historic Landmark, the resort is both a Triple-A four-diamond property and ranks as one of the Historic Hotels of America.

Serving as the core of connectivity to the mixture of adjoining building styles, the Colonnade itself houses the guest reception adorned with an original, 39-star American flag; the lobby; the location of the daily, complementary afternoon tea service; and the staircase leading to the ballroom. One of its wings leads to the Stone Inn with its Frontier Tavern and 1796 Room restaurants, while the other leads past the Crystal Room Restaurant, through the library, past the Che Sara Sara snack stand, the indoor pool, and the shop-lined corridor to the spa.

The resort’s 216 rooms and four suites, located in either the Historic or new Spa Wing, are seeped in history and tradition, yet offer modern luxury, with authentic patterns and textures, marble floors and vanities in their bathrooms, Egyptian linens, and authentic, bygone-era reminiscent walking sticks.

There are several restaurants.

The Crystal Room, for example, had formerly served as the Music Room and had also been used as the Ladies’ Parlor. Renovated in 1905 during the resort’s grand campaign, it replaced the considerably sized facility upstairs, which then became the Colonnade Ballroom. Now featuring a screen of classic Doric columns on either side, it sports original, name-reflective crystal chandeliers; gilt-framed mirrors; Victorian, round-back chairs; four hues of blue; a rotisserie; an exhibition kitchen; a 1,500-bottle wine cellar; and a collection of guest photographs taken between 1892 and 1898. It opens on to the private Daniel Webster Room.

The Frontier Tavern, located in the hotel’s Stone Inn section, had been a stagecoach stop from which the Bedford Spring’s earliest guests had been wagon-transported to the original tavern three miles away for dinner. Adorned with period artifacts, such as a bear trap, tools, a wood stove, and colorful crockery, it also sports a bar and billiard table.

The 1796 Room, also located in the Stone Inn section, reflects the very year that Dr. John Anderson first purchased the Bedford Springs property and exudes this 18th-century atmosphere with a steaks-and-chops, American colonial menu, which also includes choices such as bison, venison, rabbit, wild boar, quail, game pie, and mountain trout.

The mineral spring-fed indoor pool, returned to its 1905 appearance, sports the orchestra pit from which guests had been entertained more than a century ago.

The 30,000-square-foot Springs Eternal Spa includes wet and dry treatment rooms, aromatherapy, massages, facials, a garden, and a boutique, with actual mineral springs water used in all treatments.

The conference center is two-thirds its size, at 20,000 square feet.

The 18-hole, “Old Course”-designated golf course, reflecting the 1923, Donald Ross-designed rendition, is the third such creation after that of Spencer Oldham in 1895 and the intermittent, nine-hole, A. W. Tillinghast version of 1912.

Aside from golfing, the Bedford Springs Resort offers a considerable array of activities, including indoor and outdoor swimming, hiking and bicycling on 25 miles of trails, fishing in a gold-medal trout stream, kayaking, river rafting, and cross-country skiing, and hosts a wide range of functions, from reunions to horse-and-carriage weddings.

A graduate of Long Island University-C.W. Post Campus with a summa-cum-laude Bachelor of Arts Degree in Comparative Languages and Journalism, I have subsequently earned the Associate in Applied Science Degree in Aerospace Technology at the State University of New York – College of Technology at Farmingdale. I have also earned the Continuing Community Education Teaching Certificate from the Nassau Association for Continuing Community Education (NACCE) at Molloy College, the Travel Career Development Certificate from the Institute of Certified Travel Agents (ICTA) at LIU, the Art and Science of Teaching Certificate at Long Island University, and completed a Multi-Genre Writing Program at Hofstra University. At SUNY Farmingdale Aerospace I completed some 30 hours of Private Pilot Flight Training in Cessna C-152 and -172 aircraft.

Having amassed almost three decades in the airline industry, I managed the New York-JFK and Washington-Dulles stations at Austrian Airlines, created the North American Station Training Program, served as an Aviation Advisor to Farmingdale State University of New York, and devised and taught the Airline Management Certificate Program at the Long Island Educational Opportunity Center. A freelance author, I have written some 70 books of the short story, novel, nonfiction, essay, poetry, article, log, curriculum, training manual, and textbook genre in English, German, and Spanish, having principally focused on aviation and travel, and I have been published in book, magazine, newsletter, and electronic Web site form. I am a writer for Cole Palen’s Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome in New York. I have made some 350 lifetime trips by air, sea, rail, and road.

Kitchen Designs Are Now Theme-Based!

Investing in a house does not only mean investing in the structure of the house. It indicates much more than only making a payment for the apartment structure. The modern day homes are not like the traditional ones where each room has furniture and accessories that are meant for that specific room. The decorative items were mostly handmade and the furniture made from the expensive wood. Today, the interiors of a house are more about innovative and creative designs, the use of modern amenities with a personal touch to add value to the existing charm of the house.

Many of us while designing the house prefer using a theme for each room. The themes are usually decided depending on the characteristic of that room. Say, for instance, a child’s room can have a princess theme if it is a girl child and a sports theme for a boy child. The living area can have an uber cool feel with a bar area while the kitchen can have different themes such as an oriental feel. The cabinet designs may be designed in a manner that is all across the three walls of the kitchen and of different colors, height and designs. They may be designed to accommodate the different types of cookware and other kitchenware. The serving bowls and the dishes may be stored in wood panel glass door cabinets that are located closer to the dining area to make it more convenient. The cooking kit and the accessories can be stored in the cabinets next to the cooking while the vegetable holders and others can be kept on the wooden or marble table tops.

The Mandarin Kitchen designs offer a fresh and timeless look to the kitchen in which it is applied. The roots of the Mandarin kitchen designs lie in the traditional form of art and crafts with wide slides and use of slightly recessed panels. Architects suggesting to use Mandarin kitchen solutions include the small angular cornice details, similar to the style of pagoda roofs. To add an oriental feel to the entire design, there are circular as well as stainless steel handles that are used along with a freestanding Chinoiserie cabinet. The accessories used in Mandarin kitchen designs mostly have oak and black walnut finishing touch, but can be re-painted in any preferred choice of color if demanded. The island cabinets, part of the Mandarin Kitchen solutions look absolutely stunning if they are painted in bold colors and give a natural wood effect.

The ideas of how the kitchen should look depends on the imagination of the residents as well as the on the interior decorator and the architect. The Mandarin Kitchen solutions usually execute an elegant look with modern amenities. Today, the users prefer using electric gas burners to avoid having any effect on the other accessories from the heat from the old gas burners. Keeping in mind the demand and the affinity towards having a sophisticated look in the kitchen, the designers are also introducing new and creative ideas for the kitchens to look and feel the best without withdrawing the personal touch.

Celebrate the Upcoming Festive Season This Year With These Fancy Wood Watches As Christmas Gift Ideas

We’ve already entered that part of the year the world is better accustomed knowing as the festive season where there lies no end to shopping. With back to back celebrations coming up in a couple of months starting with Thanksgiving, Black Friday, Cyber Monday, Halloween and Christmas, it’s quite predictable to expect that shopper in you to start hunting for good Christmas gift ideas and products on the web already. While there are loads of creative gifting ideas you could choose from, to have something out of the box is always a hidden desire when it comes to gifting. This season could be one such opportunity for you to make gifting special and unique. These Fancy Wood Watches coming with spectacular designs could be a great choice worth giving.

Taking a look at some of these unique Christmas Gift Ideas from the world of timepieces having a wooden touch.

Wood Watch By Clomm

It features a unique natural oak dial with minimal detailing. The key attributes include a matt black PVD coated steel case, Swiss made Ronda movement, sapphire crystal lens and Italian leather strap – perfect for that ideal wood watch feel you’d want your wrists to have.

35 Black Watch by The Garwood

Made from the American Maple Wood, the watch is an absolute stunner in terms of its beauty and operation. The face is specially made out of oil painted copper which gives a super contrast to the otherwise wooden framework.

Fancy Wooden Watches Collection

Designed to be sleek and subtle, this gender-neutral watch is meant to inspire, recall, and pay homage to those experiences when we are close to nature. The delicate watch hands glide along a beautiful one-of-a kind watch face that comes with or without time markings. Fancy Wood Watch it is!

Eco-Friendly Flecha Watch

Made from natural materials and sports inspired native patterns, the watch face is made of wood with a bamboo finish, whereas the strap is of stained leather. That makes a large part of the watch completely recyclable, and minimizes the amount of plastic usage that way.

Jupiter Beige Watch

It is made from 100% Wood, is hypo-allergenic and completely free of toxic chemicals. The wood used is mostly found in smokehouses and in culinary arts. It features two Miyota movements and is adjustable to fit any wrist. Since it’s made of natural wood, no two pieces will ever be the same.

WC Sport Watch

These watches are made out of 100% Natural Wood and Stainless steel and can be made to fit both under casual and formal settings. The stylish, high-quality design together with the affordable pricing makes this an inevitable Christmas Gift Idea for your timepiece loving friends out there.

COBB & Co. Watches

With 11 models to choose from, these wood watches are a perfect setup worth wearing on any casual or formal occasion. They are a unique merger of natural wood, medical grade stainless steel and genuine leather.

The Big Face Woody

Made by NFNT (pronounced €infinite€) from all natural bamboo, The Big Face Woody is lightweight, durable and eco-friendly. It is the first wood watch of it’s kind featuring a large face and small bezel so you see the time, and not a chunk of wood when you look at your wrist.

SPGBK White Party 2.0

With the classic maple wood SPGBK White Party 2.0 on your wrists, having a check on time will not be a mundane task for you anymore. The white dial together with gold markings makes this entire timepiece a stylish wear for the sophisticated lot.

That classic built of wood and aesthetic looks make these Fancy Wood Watches an adorable collection you could use during your upcoming gifting days. Make sure you shine the best during this festival season of the year!

Merge Your Tech Life and Everyday Style Quotient With These Gorgeous Google Glass Accessories and Fancy Wood Watches

With Project Glass being Google’s massive entry into the world of augmented reality, it’s inevitable to consider it as a separate booming sector for tech accessory makers today. While a certain part of the audience still feel awkward when it comes to accepting such a wearable in their day to day life, the tech savvy generation has been ardent acceptors of this kind of wearable technology that blends high-end tech operations seamlessly in your everyday life. Now, to make this experience with augmented reality even better and stylish, you may require the use of some accessories that are especially made for the Google Glass users. Pairing them with your Glass will only enhance its features, if not otherwise. Take a look at five such amazing pics from the world of Google Glass accessories:

Bringrr Car Charger

A unique car charger that does a lot more than simple phone charging while you drive your vehicle. When paired with the Bringrr tags, it can easily identify the items you carry for work everyday thus saving you the hassle of leaving something behind only to realize the fact when you’re midway down the street. Bringrr comes with a special app for Google Glass users so that tracking your items before your start driving happens without your head going down (literally!)

Wetley GGRX Prescription Frame for Google Glass

World’s first available prescription frame solution for Google Glass. GGRX is an acronym for Wetley’s prescription adapter branded as the Google Glass Explorer Edition. You get just the frame, and you can get your own Google Glasses fitted out with your prescription lenses in under five seconds. The stainless steel frame is made hypoallergenic to ensure it can be used by everyone. Never feel awkward wearing your Project Glasses anymore.

Google Glass Decal Accessory

This Google Glass decal accessory is a range of skins for the Google Glass camera, touchpad and battery. The skins are made of 3M high-quality vinyl used for wraps, and are able to conform to just about any kind of shape and contour. The skins are easy to apply, and just as easy to remove or reposition without leaving any sticky residue behind on Google Glass since there is no adhesive involved.

Metallic Prototype V2.0 Google Glass Accessory
Printed in highest quality metallic ink, the skin cannot be reused once attached on your Google Glass. It adheres to your Glass in a way which doesn’t compromise on the gadget’s iconic looks and contours. Very simple to use and easily attachable.


A good way to extend the battery life of your Google Glass by giving it a 750mAh Lithium-Polymer Battery Pack. The lightweight and compact design complements your Glass looks and also comes with a convenient cord to hold the Google Glass around your neck.

That being supercool accessories for your Google Glass, it’s time now to shift the focus on new age timepieces which are more prone to being naturally inclined in design. Apart from being carefully designed wristwatches, these fancy wood watches are good looking too.

Wood Watch By Clomm

Featuring a unique natural oak dial with minimal detailing, the key attributes of this unisex fancy wood watch includes a matt black PVD coated steel case, Swiss made Ronda movement, sapphire crystal lens and Italian leather strap. A snap case back is used to emphasize the seamless styling identity as well.

Nixon Murf Watch

It comes with a plus-sized push button screw crown and has a Japanese quartz arm movement which moves around the face displaying the hour and minute clearly enough, thanks to an LED light. Half of the large Murf’s perfectly square face is covered by stainless steel, which makes it look unique and extremely out of the box.

Original Grain Watches

Made from 100% All-Natural Wood and Stainless Steel, Original Grain watches showcase an impeccable design with a touch of nature. Featuring Indian Rosewood, Maple, Green Sandalwood, it’s a collection that has something for everyone.

WC Sport Watch

These watches are made out of 100% Natural Wood and Stainless steel. SIX combination of Wood(Rosewood, Greenwood, Blackwood & Maple) and Stainless Steel are available. They appeal to both casual and formal settings and are a new brand of watches inspired by nature and finer things in life.

SPGBK White Party 2.0

With the classic maple wood SPGBK White Party 2.0 on your wrists, having a check on time will not be a mundane task for you anymore. The white dial together with gold markings makes this entire timepiece a stylish wear for the sophisticated lot. It’s the wooden finish and the distinct buckle clasp which adds a special glamor to the wristwatch that will never let your eyes part from it. Wear it with elegance and let the world know your choice in fashion. A fancy wood watch it is!

Tips on Choosing Dining Room Furniture

When it comes to purchasing other home decor items or rugs, then you can easily visit some of the best online stores and purchase from a huge collection. It is a great way to buy quality vintage rugs at reasonable prices. While people love their hardwood floors and clean tiled, most homes these days will also have area rugs put in to create a welcoming and warm feeling for the guests. A vintage rug can instantly enhance the look of any room – along with together clinging of different design elements, the rugs also helps in creating accent colors which can be used for choosing pillows and cushions as well defining functional areas in any area of the house effortlessly.

There are varieties of rugs available at the online stores. You can find stylish rugs and traditional rugs which can be conservative or contemporary in their design and pattern. The designs of the rugs can set the theme for any room, especially if other furniture pieces also compliment the theme. Sometimes for casual homes with a mixed decor theme, you can opt for contemporary colors with traditional designs, and these are perfect which uses different pieces in furniture and home furnishing along with creating an aesthetically pleasant look. Though you will find many rugs and carpets made from wool, you will also find some other popular fabric which can work better considering the climate.

You can also plan to opt for look at abstract designs and floral patterns, if you wish to get a modern rug. These modern rugs are offered in exciting colors and the entire rug could be a single color with some textures and patterns or can have different colors and blotches. The color and design of the vintage rug for your home will depend on the existing decor theme. For example, blue rugs look great with white, black, brown, beige, and red furniture. Rugs that have an abstract pattern and use several colors looks best with modern home that has minimalistic furniture, and this is especially great in mono-toned rooms where all furnishings and furniture are of the same color.

There are some specialists who design and make architectural and furniture products from recycled timber furniture. Here at the popular recycled timber furniture Perth showroom, they give more important for the quality of designs. The recycled timber furniture has a personality, warmth and uniqueness which is unmatched. Timber furniture when paired with great designs has timeless quality, that is malleable to styling and transcends fashion. The specialists plan to make use of locally sourced recycled timber with Victorian Ash, Tasmanian Oak, Messmate and Jaarah which are some other favorites.

If you are not sure about the exact measurements or quality of the dining table, then you can seek advice and information from the specialists Dining Table Perth showroom. There is a need to choose the dining table so that there is enough space to walk around.

Polk Audio 10-Inch Subwoofer

This amazingly dynamic subwoofer from Polk’s Monitor collection is equipped with many different innovative capabilities designed to seriously increase your enjoyment of sound.

The Polk Monitor Series PSW10’s 10″ poly composite cone driver as well as 50W incorporated amplifier will certainly enhance your sound system’s bass sounds, at the same time an extensive array of distortion-reducing solutions – such as laser Klippel Distortion assessment – generate bass which is the most suitable tone for the moment.

Encasing the equipment is a non-resonant all-MDF housing along with 0.75-inch-thick baffles as well as interior bracing which boosts the quality of sound production. Numerous connectivity possibilities allow it to be simple to hook up the PSW10 with virtually any receiver or amplifier.

This particular product is comparatively small in size (measuring just 14 inches W by 14.38 H by 16.12 D) plus it is visually fashionable due to the black oak finishing (it’s also available in candy).


Nearly all customers are pleased and even amazed with the sound experience given that this product carries a loudspeaker of merely 10″ width. Hence, lots of consumers believe that the device offers incredible payback for such a modest outlay. Buyers refer to the way it delivers substantial strong bass and how it outshines models which might be physically larger as well as pack much more wattage. One particular consumer thought that the Polk ended up being a lot better than the JBL subwoofer which he was making use of. This is particularly so once the system has been fine-tuned appropriately. The overall sense is, according to reviewers’ remarks, that except when an individual is interested in all the technological specifics of audio and therefore are quite picky, or perhaps, you reside in a mansion having massive rooms, then this would be the subwoofer to enhance your sound system.

Numerous customers are happy the fact that the device was so simple to hook up to their particular sound system along with the undeniable fact that it looks pretty good too.


The majority of the grievances come from customers who identify issues with the caliber of sound (“muddy” as well as “one-directional” happen to be terminology applied) as well as insufficient power of the sound production. A number of individuals, who might be referred to as “in the know” or “audiophiles”, explain exactly what they think are a few of the techie reasons behind this, whilst a number of customers point out a pretty basic failing; how the grill which encompasses the loudspeaker is actually lightweight and may tremble and rattle once the loudspeaker is at work. Therefore aside from the power output concerns the point that a number of these models may possibly rattle is just about the second largest criticism.

It ought to said on the other hand, that it was pointed out (by people who assessed the actual overall operation) that the sound production from the unit will be obviously greatly dependent upon the sound transmission provided for the bass speaker by ones receiver. Therefore, in the event that you’re not receiving an effective transmission from your receiver you aren’t likely to obtain a very good final result.

The Polk PSW10 subwoofer brings together high quality and sleek structure with surprisingly strong and clear audio reproduction. It packs a lot of punch as well as possibilities for fine-tuning so you get sound just the way you want it. And if you opt for the Polk PSW10 you will save yourself a few hundred dollars compared to competitor models.